Chess is a two-player board game that is both enjoyable and competitive. Regarded distinguish it from kindred games like xiangqi, it is sometimes referred to as Western or international chess. After evolved from similar, much older Indian and Persian games, the modern form of the game emerged in Southern Europe during the second half of the 15th century. Chess is one of the most popular games in the world today, with millions of people playing it at home, in clubs, online, via correspondence, and in tournaments.
Chess is an abstract strategy game in which no information is hidden. It is played on a 64-square square chessboard with an eight-by-eight grid. Each player controls sixteen pieces at the outset (one controls the white pieces, the other controls the black pieces): one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. The goal of the game is to checkmate your opponent's king, which means that the king is under imminent attack (in "check") and has no possibility of escaping. A game might also result in a tie in a variety of ways.
Chess pieces are separated into two groups based on color. The sets are usually referred to as "white" and "black," even if they are not literally white and black (e.g., the light set may be a yellowish or off-white color, and the dark set may be brown or red). White and Black are the names of the players in the two sets, respectively. One king, one queen, two rooks, two bishops, two knights, and eight pawns make up each set. Chess sets come in a variety of styles, but the Staunton pattern is chosen for competition.
On a square board with eight rows (called ranks) and eight columns, the game is played (called files). The 64 squares are known to as light and dark squares because they alternate in color; popular chessboard colors are white and brown, or white and dark green.
The pieces are put in the following arrangement on White's first rank, from left to right: rook, knight, bishop, queen, king, bishop, knight, rook. A row of eight pawns is put on the second rank. Black's position is identical to White's, with the same piece on the same file. A light square is placed in the right-hand corner closest to each player on the board. The term "queen on her own color" might help you recall the correct places of the king and queen: the white queen starts on a light square, whereas the black queen starts on a dark square.what does what